More than 1,500 others were injured in the 5.9-magnitude quake, which was centered in the country’s remote southeast near the Pakistan border.
At least 1,000 people were killed and more than 1,500 others injured after a 5.9-magnitude earthquake struck a remote and mountainous region of southeastern Afghanistan near the border with Pakistan early Wednesday, the state-run Bakhtar news agency said.
The quake struck about 28 miles southwest of the city of Khost, a provincial capital in the country’s southeast, the United States Geological Survey said, and had a depth of about six miles. Raees Hozaifa, the director of information and culture in the eastern province of Paktika, said the earthquake was felt across several provinces.
Some of the areas hit by the earthquake are in remote rough country near the Pakistani border that were the scene of heavy fighting before and after the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan, and telecommunications are poor or nonexistent, making it hard to get a full accounting of the casualties. An aid official said that he expected the number of dead to be much higher.
Mohammad Almas, the head of aid and appeals at Qamar, a charity in Afghanistan active in the area, said he expected the death toll to be high, as the area is far from hospitals and because the earthquake happened at night, when most people were indoors sleeping.
As many as 17 members of the same family were killed in one village when their home collapsed, he said; only one child survived. He said that more than 25 villages were almost completely destroyed, including schools, mosques and homes.
In the Sperah district of Khost Province, northeast of Paktika Province, the earthquake killed at least 40 people and wounded 90 others, Shabir Ahmad Osmani, Khost’s provincial director of information and culture, said by telephone.
Rafiullah Rahel, the head of the health department in Paktika Province, said that 381 people were dead and 205 injured in that province.
It was not immediately clear whether the figures given by the provincial officials were early estimates, or if large numbers of casualties had been recorded elsewhere.
The Bakhtar news agency posted video footage on Twitter of a helicopter landing in what it said was a quake-hit area. It said that ambulances were transporting the injured to hospitals.
Sarhadi Khosti, 26, who lives in the Sperah district, said he had been woken up by the earthquake after 1 a.m., and that a number of houses — especially those made of soil or wood — had been completely destroyed. He said that helicopters had transported some of the wounded to hospitals in Kabul and neighboring provinces.
“For now, we still are busy pulling the dead or injured from under the rubble,” he said.
Dr. Ramiz Alakbarov, a deputy special representative for Afghanistan for the United Nations, wrote on Twitter that the organization was assessing the situation in the aftermath of the earthquake. Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, director general of the World Health Organization, said on Twitter that the agency would “continue supporting people in need across the country.”
The quake struck about 300 miles north-northeast of the site of a deadly 6.4-magnitude earthquake in Pakistan in 2008, the U.S.G.S. said. More than 200 people were reported killed at the time.
The earthquake was felt in Kabul, the Afghan capital, and across the northern part of neighboring Pakistan, according to a map that the European Mediterranean Seismological Center posted on its website. The U.S.G.S. said that a second quake, of 4.5 magnitude, struck about 30 miles southwest of Khost about an hour later.
The earthquake was felt in several parts of Pakistan, especially in the northwest, but the country was spared the kind of damage seen in neighboring Afghanistan, officials said.
Late-night tremors were felt in Islamabad, the capital, and Peshawar, the provincial capital of northwestern Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, where panicked people rushed out of their houses, reciting verses from the Koran.
However, no large-scale damage or casualties were reported, according to the provincial disaster management authority. Tremors were also felt in some parts of Punjab province.
Rescue officials said one person was killed when a roof of a building collapsed in the Lakki Marwat district of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province. Several mud houses were also reported to be damaged in the province, which borders Afghanistan.
Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif said Pakistan would provide all possible assistance to the people of Afghanistan. “We are with our Afghan brothers and sisters in this difficult time,” Mr. Sharif said.
Mr. Sharif said he had ordered Pakistani authorities to provide relief assistance to the government of Afghanistan. “We are deeply saddened by the damage caused by the earthquake, especially in the Paktika region,” he said.
For civilians in Afghanistan, earthquakes are yet another risk in a country traumatized by decades of war. Many of the country’s densely populated towns and cities sit on or near several geological faults, some of which can produce earthquakes of up to 7 in magnitude.
The earthquake on Wednesday, according to the U.S. Geological Survey, appeared to originate from movement between the India and Eurasia tectonic plates.
The agency said in a report this year that more than 7,000 people had died in the past decade because of earthquakes, an average of 560 a year. In one area between Kabul and Jalalabad, it estimated that an earthquake of magnitude 7.6 would affect seven million people.
In January, two earthquakes struck a remote, mountainous area of western Afghanistan, killing at least 27 people and destroying hundreds of homes, officials said at the time. Another earthquake in 2015 killed more than 300 people in northern Afghanistan and Pakistan and destroyed thousands of homes.
Original Article – https://www.nytimes.com/live/2022/06/22/world/afghanistan-earthquake